March 24, 2013

History of the Jewish Shtreimel - שטריימל

The shtreimel is the Jewish hat with the most mysterious story behind it. Today considered as a holy hat which emphasizes the divine in the head of his wearer, the legend has it, that it is the biggest sign of humiliation ever imposed on the Jews of Europe. 

It started during the Fourth Council of the Lateran under Pope Inocent III. when in Canon 68 was proclaimed:
Jews and Saracens of both sexes in every Christian province must be distinguished from the Christian by a difference of dress. On Passion Sunday and the last three days of Holy Week they may not appear in public.
 In consequence Jews had to wear a special headgear as well.
In the Netherlands and other European countries the outcasts were forced to wear a fur tail (fox tail) on their back.

In this context Jews wrapped fur tails around their hats.

A further story I read was that in Russia Jews wrapped fur tails around their kippot that they remain unrecognized in the public and couldn't be identified as Jews.

Another hat which humiliates the Jewish people was the Jewish Hat.
© picture from A History of Jewish Costume

© picture: Raymond Faure
Reenactment in Goslar, Germany

See as well the very instructive film:

and the article:
by Michal Friedlander

March 23, 2013

Head Coverings of the Bahá'í Faith

For a first introduction to the Bahá'í Faith use Wikipedia.

In the beginning Bahá'u'lláh`Abdu'l-Bahá, Shoghí Effendí Rabbání and the ancient apostels wore a Tarboush - طربوش with a white scarf wrapped arround.

© picture: Wikimedia
the founder of the Bahá'í Faith

© picture: Duffy Sheridan

© picture: Wikimedia

was the eldest son of Bahá'u'lláh

© picture: Wikimedia
Shoghí Effendí Rabbání was the Guardian and appointed head of the Bahá'í Faith
from 1921 until his death in 1957

© picture: Wikimedia
Apostles of Bahá'u'lláh
1. Mirza Musa
2. Badi’
3. Nurayn-i-Nayyirayn
4. Haji Amin
5. Mirza Abu’l-Fadl
6. Varqa
7. Mirza Mahmud
8. Haji Akhund
9. Nabil-i-Akbar
10. Vakilu’d-Dawlih
11. Ibn-i-Abha
12. Nabil-i-A’zam
13. Kazim-i-Samandar
14. Mirza Mustafa
15. Mishkin-Qalam
16. Adib
17. Shaykh Muhammad Ali
18. Zaynu’l-Muqarrabin
18. Ibn-i-Asdaq

For today Bahá'í Faith has no clergy, the members do not wear anymore a special head covering.

March 17, 2013

March 16, 2013

Fashion Headcoverings - Versace Clergy Hats


Spanish Bonete

Pileolus (zucchetto, soli deo)

March 11, 2013

Kukulija - Cucullus - Koukoulion - Куколь

The Moscovite koukoulion has evolved through time and the standard "design" today is with seraphim on the forehad and on the two lapels of the veil left and right as worn by the Patriarch today.

The white Muscovite koukoulion has three golden embroidered seraphim on front and flaps, and a cross on the top. His white color stands for purity of thoughts and the enlightment by the devine light.

The black Georgian  koukoulion has two Seraphims on the flaps, and a cross not on the top, but on the front side of the headgear.

© pictures: Kuraev
Deesis on the front, lapels with Seraphim

© picture: Ubrus

was the 15th Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus', the primate of the Russian Orthodox Church
(23 February 1929 – 5 December 2008)

Patriarch Hermogenes (1530 - 1612)

with white koukoulion and seraphim on the lapels

© picture: Wikimedia
Above with a cross made out of brown gemstones and pearls, below with green gemstones
Seraphim made out of white perarls on the lapels

Former Metropolit Adrian (Chetvergov) of the
wearing a kukulija

Metropolit Korniliy/Cornelis (Titow) [right] of the
wearing a black kukulija with red application cord above the edges

These monk habits are called kukulija, too:

© picture: Orbis Catholicus
Consitory 1965
Josyf Cardinal Slipyj with red Koukoulion

See as well the following arcticles:

March 07, 2013

3 Films

Gammarelli made the new cassocks for the Pope

Room of Tears - Stanza delle Lacrime - Raum der Tränen

Kleider machen Kirchenfürsten
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