August 30, 2013

Head Coverings of the Kawasses

 In April 2011 I wrote an article about the
In Jerusalem you can see something similar:
The kawass (or kavas, chawwas, qawwās, کاواس)

Today kawasses  are men which protect in a symbolic way a Christian procession in Jerusalem.
During the Ottoman empire the kawasses were some kind of:
guards of honour
protection officers (bodyguards)
armed constables or couriers
consular guards in the countries of the eastern Mediterranean
The original Arabic word "qawwās" means bowman.

Kawass of the Ethioppian Orthodox Church
red tarboush - طربوش (fez) with cross on top 

Kawasses in Jerusalem wearing a red tarboush - طربوش (fez)
 During a procession of the Armenian Apostolic Church the kawasses often not wear a tarboush - طربوش (fez). The tarboush (fez) would remind them of the Armenian Genocide.
They wear some black hats similar to a Jinnah cap
Kawass at the consulate
Foto Hentschel Leipzig Jerusalem 1904
© picture: Flickr
An Arab kawass (an Ottoman Lieutenant assigned to all foreign travellers) seated in a garden of a Jerusalem house with a little boy in his care.

August 26, 2013

Jewish Cantor's hat

During August I made some holiday in Merano, South Tyrol, Italy.
In the Jewish Museum I saw three cantor hats on display.



August 23, 2013

Cantor's Hat worn in Spain

In the past, I published several articles about the Jewish cantor's hat.
Here a model Jewish cantor's used in Spain in former times.


August 22, 2013

Pagh (પાઘ) - Swaminarayan Hindu Tradition

Pagh  - Swaminarayan Hindu Tradition

 The pagh (pronounced ‘paagh’; પાઘ) is a traditional head covering worn by all sadhus of the Swaminarayan denomination of Hinduism.The denomination was founded in the early nineteenth century by Bhagwan Swaminarayan in western India.

A pagh is made from a simple, very fine piece of cotton fabric, measuring around 100 inches by 100 inches, which is tied around a head covered by a small skull-cap. The tying itself is something of an art form, because it employs no stitches, pins or fasteners, yet a pagh can remain firm and intact for years.

The pagh is worn by Swaminarayan sadhus when they go outside of the temple on official religious duty, and also during special rituals and assemblies. The orange or saffron colour of the pagh matches the untailored robes worn by sadhus. Saffron is a colour which is traditionally associated in Hinduism with sacrifice and renunciation. It also symbolises fire. Sadhus are reminded by their saffron attire to burn their worldly desires and remain fervent against enticements which might distract them from their service to God and Society.
An article about the Garam Topi (ગરમ ટોપી),the winter hat worn by His Holiness Pramukh Swami Maharaj (પ્રમુખ સ્વામી મહારાજ) you can find here.

the Guru of the BAPS Swaminarayan order of the Swaminarayan tradition.
He is wearing a traditional Hindu pagh and holding a small metallic sacred image of Bhagwan Swaminarayan.

president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue

receiving traditional Welcome at the BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir,
Neasden, North-west London
during his visit on 13th June 2013

Cardinal Tauran and Catholic clergy  with Hindu sadhus of the BAPS Swaminarayan order 
at the Mandir in London  on 13th June 2013

Visit the BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, when you are in the London area:


Many thanks to BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Neasden, London, UK
for their kind and competent support.
See as well two articles in Gujarati language:

August 20, 2013

The Papal Tiara

Nice movie about the papal tiara

About the tiara of H.H. Pope emeritus Benedict XVI

Tiara Pope Benedict XVI

August 19, 2013

The Living Church


The Language of Vesture
Written by Peter Eaton
The Very Rev. Peter Eaton is the dean of St. John’s Cathedral, Denver, and a member of the Episcopal Church’s Standing Commission on Ecumenical and Interreligious Relations.
You can read the article here.

The Living Church is a very informative and worth reading newspaper.
Think about a subscription!
More information here.

August 17, 2013

Sombrero Arzobispal by Sombrereria Medrano

In July I wrote an article about

Here some impressions of such a sombrero de teja mabe by

August 16, 2013

Josef Freinademetz and John of Nepomuk

During August I made some holiday in Ortisei, South Tyrol, Italy,
the home of the famous wood carvers.

In the retail shop of Albert Comploj I bought 2 very nice wood figures:

Joseph Freinademetz wearing his Mao-Tzû
See my article:
I nearly every church in the Val Gardena you find a painting of this Saint.
St. Ulrich, Ortisei
 La cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta e San Cassiano

The wood carver did not carved the biretta in the correct way:
The left blade (wing, horn) should be at the back side.
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