September 30, 2013

Mr Gammarelli Visits the UK

Mr Stefano Gammarelli will visit London and Birmigham in October.
More detailed information here.

Pectoral Cross of H.H. Pope Francis

Shop window of Mancinelli Clero, Borgo Pio 88-90, 00193 Rome
On display:
An article about the pectoral cross of H.H. Pope Francis
Some years ago, he bought his cross from Mr. Reinero Mancinelli.
You still can buy the cross from him today in two versions:
- simply metal
- full silver

The cross was created by
Giuseppe Albrizi
Via Manenti, 27
I-27018 Vidigulfo, Italy 

September 25, 2013

Gloria Trade Show in Augsburg, November 7-9,2013

November 7-9, 2013 - Augsburg - Bavaria - Germany
If you have time, you should visit the GLORIA trade show.
I will be there with the collection, too.
More detailed information on their website here.

September 17, 2013

Ela Bauer: Kopfbewegung

© picture: Annabella Weiß
Installation "Head Movement" from Ela Bauer
It is a big mobile with different head coverings
Exhibition at the Katharina-von-Bora-Haus, Berg, Germany
11th September until 8th October 2013
The biretta is from the collection.

September 15, 2013

Head Coverings worn by Pope Pius IX (Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti)

© picture: Charles Cole, St Edmund's College, Ware, UK
Head Coverings worn by Pius IX
Cappello Romano
Pileolus (zucchetto, soli deo)

September 14, 2013

Head Coverings of the Jewish Feldrabbiner during World War I

In the past I wrote some articles about head coverings worn by religious dignitaries during their service in the army:

A new book about Jewish army rabanim was published in 2013:

Hank, Sabine; Simon, Hermann; Hank, Uwe:
Feldrabbiner in den deutschen Streitkräften des Ersten Weltkrieges
Hentrich & Hentrich Publisher, Berlin 2013, 623 pages
ISBN 978-3-938485-76-7

The book is a very large end exhaustive elaboration about Jewish rabanim during World war I.
"Feldrabbiner" translated is rabanim working on the battlefields.
"Armeerabbiner" translated is rabanim working for the army.

I can highly recommend to purchase this wonderful book for your private library.

On the front of their peaked cap two cocades and a Star of David (between these 2 cocades) were fixed.

Leopold Rosenak is wearing a Südwester hat.

Description of the uniform of the Feldrabbiner

September 08, 2013

Exhibition at the Museum of Coins and Medals Commemorating Pope John Paul II

Some of my head coverings are currently on dispaly at the 
in Częstochowa , Poland
during their exhibition of clergy garments.

September 05, 2013

Head Coverigs Worn by the "Cofradía Internacional de Investigadores del Santo Cristo de Oliva "

In January 2011 I wrote an article about
The Spanish Academical Birrete

El alcalde de Toledo, Emiliano García-Page, presidió hoy el acto de apertura del curso académico de la Cofradía Internacional de Investigadores “Santo Cristo de la Oliva”, fundada en los años ochenta y vinculada desde su nacimiento con el Ayuntamiento.

Their regulations define: 

 "Uniforme y hábito:
Formado por una amplia toga, de terciopelo negro y doble golilla blanca en el cuello, del que pende un cordón carmesí y oro con la insignia propia de la Cofradía; Guantes blancos y un birrete también de terciopelo negro, con una borla de seda en su parte superior del color
representativo de la facultad a la que pertenece cada cofrade."

"... a biretta also of black velvet, with a silk tassel on the top in the colour representing the faculty to which each member belongs."

Mind the multi-colored pompons (borla):
In traditional (historic) universities of Portugal and Spain there is the tradition to mix the colors of the different graduations. For example: a doctor on Civil Law (red color) and Canon Law (green color), uses a black birrete with a red-green pompon (borla). A doctor in Theology (white) and Philosophy (blue) uses a black birrete with a white-blue pompon, etc.
The number of mixed colors depends on the number of graduations the bearer holds.

Some academic colors used in Spain and Portugal:
White: Theology, Architecture
Green: Canon Law, Veterinary
Yelow: Medecin
Red: Civil Law
Blue Sky: Philosophy, Humanities
Black: official color of Spanish rectors
Blue (dark): Natural Sciences, Mathematic

A doctor in theology and philosophy by Real and Pontificia Universidad de Mexico, 
XVIII century (Spanish colonial period)

Many thanks to Mr Nunes of Virtual Memories Blog for his kind and competent support.

September 03, 2013

Biretta worn by Benedict Blommaerts

Portrait of Cardinal Benedict Blommaerts (I don't think that he was a cardinal?)
half-length turned to the left, facing towards the viewer; wearing a biretta, mozzetta and a rochet in his hands he holds a necklace with cross; after Jacobus van Reesbroeck; 1635-1704 (c.)

© picture: British Museum
Lettered below image:
"Admondum Reverendo Amplissimoqe ... Abbato longe Dignissimo."
Lettered with motto in scroll underneath arms:
"floris aparvervnt"
lettered with production details at bottom left:
"Jac. van Reesbroeck pinxit et fecit."
Very tall biretta with 4 blades (wings, horns).

In this context see as well:

© Praemonstratensian

Anglo-Catholic clergy tend to make up their own dress-rules, keeping vaguely to pre-conciliar norms and adding to them when it suits them. What they refer to as the Augustinian biretta is double height (14 cm) of a normal biretta. They get this from the Norbertine picture of the friar with the very tall biretta, and have adapted it to the black biretta.

© Facebook "Fans del Bonete"
Anthony Murley
"Un bonete augustino anglicano, en la tradicion del colegio de sacerdotes de la Sagrada Casa de Walsingham, como se puede apreciar en Fr Alfred Hope Patten, en los primeros anio de 1950."

The Augustinian Biretta or "Father Alfred Hope Patten Biretta" or "CSA (Colegio San Agustín) Biretta" is much more higher (14 cm) than the Ambrosian biretta.
Fr Patten (the priest wearing the cope in the middle) assisted by Fr Bales
and Fr Michael Smith

Augustinian Biretta or "Father Alfred Hope Patten Biretta" or "CSA (Colegio San Agustín) Biretta" made of black silk with moiré-effect, 3 horns (blades, wings) and a ruby pompon. Inside it is lined with red cotton.

Normal (7-8 cm)  -  Ambrosian (9-10 cm)  -  Augustinian (13-14 cm)

September 02, 2013

Jesuit Biretta

 Here 2 pictures of a Jesuit biretta made by
Mr Beltrán Medrano-Tomás, Madrid
These model was worn by the Jesuits in Spain.

The above biretta was made according the ancient pattern:

Biretta in black with 3 horns (blades, wings) and a tongue worn by friars of the
 Society of Jesus (S.J., Jesuits) according:
Barbier de Montault, Xavier:
Le costume et les usages ecclésiastiques selon la tradition romaine, Band 1: Règles générales, le costume usuel, le costume de chœur, Letouzey et Ané, Paris, ca. 1900
page 233, fig. 33, (click on the picture to enlarge)

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